The word motivation is coined from the Latin word “movere” which means moving. Motivation is defined as an internal drive that activates behavior and gives it direction. The term motivation theory is concerned with the processes that describe why and how human behavior is actively and directly. It is considered one of the most important areas of study in the field of organizational behavior. There are two different categories of motivation theories such as content theories and process theories. Even though there are different theories of motivation, none of them are universally accepted.
Also known as the necessary theory, the content of the theory of incentives mainly focuses on the internal aspects of energy and direct behavior. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, ERG theory is Alderfer, Herzberg Lindeberg is inspiring-hygiene theory (Herzberg Eberg dual factors theory), and McClelland have learned, or three-needs theory are some of the basic teachings of the subject.
Of the different types of materials theory, the most famous fabric theory is Abraham Maslow hierarchy of human needs. Maslow introduced five levels of basic needs through his teaching. Basic needs are classified as physiological needs, safety and security needs, needs love, needs to self esteem and need for self-actualization.
Just as Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, ERG theory explains the existence, relatedness and growth needs. With double aspect doctrine, Herz Eberg describes certain aspects of the workplace arising from the job. McClelland has learned, or three-needs theory using projective technique called Thematic aptitude test (TAT) to evaluate people based on three needs: power, performance, and collaboration. People with a high need for energy act in a way that affects the behavior of another.
Another type of incentive theory is a process theory. Process theories of motivation provide an opportunity to understand the thought processes that influence behavior. The main motivation process theories are equity theory of Adams, Von theory is VROOM, goal-setting theory, and reinforcement theory. Von, instrumentality and valence key concepts are explained in Von theory. Goal setting theory suggests that those individuals who are motivated to achieve these goals. It also requires setting goals should be specific. Reinforcement theory is concerned with controlling behavior by manipulating its consequences.